Rethinking the links between Human Relationships and Economic Efficiency using the Local Micro institutions

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TitreRethinking the links between Human Relationships and Economic Efficiency using the Local Micro institutions
Type de publicationArticle de revue
AuteurBaulant, Camille
EditeurTaylor & Francis (Routledge)
TypeArticle scientifique dans une revue à comité de lecture
Date11 Sept. 2017
Titre de la revueJournal of Economics Issues
Mots-clésEconomic Wealth, Emerging Countries, Gross Domestic Product (G.D.P.), Happiness Index, Human Wealth, Local Institution
Résumé en anglais

Emerging countries around the world have been growing fast over the last thirty years, with most of these countries basing their economic development on a state capitalism. Within these countries there is a concentration of wealth for a few people. This fact confirms the analysis of Veblen (1898) who shows the gap between the vested interest of the rich and the unsatisfied needs of the poorest. The world happiness report (Helliwell and al, 2016) also shows for the emerging countries a gap between the world rank in economic growth and in well-being. The paper proposes a new paradigm of development for two emerging countries, Brazil and South Africa, by putting human development in the center of the economic development and by using different approaches in economics and psychology. The analysis enlarges the theories of Shapiro and Stiglitz in “efficiency wages” (1984) into the complexity approach (Le Moigne, 1995). This approach combines the results in positive psychology (Kahneman, 2011) with the role of local institutions for improving the economic development of emerging countries (Deaton, 2016). The first section studies definitions of economic and human wealth. The second section analyzes for the two countries the gap between the standard of living ranking and the well-being ranking in order to present meso happiness indexes able to link the micro and macro levels of human wealth. The last section studies how the local institutions may create in these countries dynamic links for efficiently acting in a world economy. 

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