Normal human adipose tissue functions and differentiation in patients with biallelic LPIN1 inactivating mutations

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TitreNormal human adipose tissue functions and differentiation in patients with biallelic LPIN1 inactivating mutations
Type de publicationArticle de revue
AuteurPelosi, Michele, Testet, Eric, Le Lay, Soazig , Dugail, Isabelle, Tang, Xiaoyun, Mabilleau, Guillaume
2, 3
, Hamel, Yamina, Madrange, Marine, Blanc, Thomas, Odent, Thierry, McMullen, Todd PW, Alfò, Marco, Brindley, David N, de Lonlay, Pascale
EditeurAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
TypeArticle scientifique dans une revue à comité de lecture
DateDécembre 2017
Titre de la revueJournal of lipid research
Mots-clésAdipocytes, Adipogenic differentiation, Adipose tissue, Gene Expression, Human fat lipid analysis, Human lipids, Inborn errors of metabolism, Lipin-1, Lipodystrophies, Phosphatases/Lipid
Résumé en anglais

Lipin-1 is a Mg2+-dependent phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP) that in mice is necessary for normal glycerolipid biosynthesis, controlling adipocytes metabolism and adipogenic differentiation. Mice carrying inactivating mutations in the Lpin1 gene display the characteristic features of human familial lipodystrophy. Very little is known on the roles of lipin-1 in human adipocyte physiology. Apparently fat distribution and weight is normal in humans carrying LPIN1 inactivating mutations, but a detailed analysis of adipose tissue appearance and functions in these patients has not been available so far. In this study, we performed a systematic histopathological, biochemical and gene expression analysis of adipose tissue biopsies from human patients harbouring LPIN1 biallelic inactivating mutations and affected by recurrent episodes of severe rhabdomyolysis. We also explored the adipogenic differentiation potential of human mesenchymal cell populations derived from lipin-1 defective patients. White adipose tissue from human LPIN1 mutant patients displayed a dramatic decrease in lipin-1 protein levels and PAP activity, with a concomitant moderate reduction of the adipocyte size. Nevertheless the adipose tissue develops without obvious histological signs of lipodystrophy and with a normal qualitative composition of the storage lipids. The increased expression of key adipogenic determinants such as SREBP1, PPARG and PGC1A shows that specific compensatory phenomena can be activated in vivo in human adipocytes under deficiency of a functional lipin-1.

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Titre abrégéJ. Lipid Res.
Identifiant (ID) PubMed28986436