Magnetite- and Iodine-Containing Nanoemulsion as a Dual Modal Contrast Agent for X-ray/Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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TitreMagnetite- and Iodine-Containing Nanoemulsion as a Dual Modal Contrast Agent for X-ray/Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Type de publicationArticle de revue
AuteurWallyn, Justine, Anton, Nicolas, Mertz, Damien, Begin-Colin, Sylvie, Perton, Francis, Serra, Christophe A, Franconi, Florence
1, 2
, Lemaire, Laurent
1, 2
, Chiper, Manuela, Libouban, H., Messaddeq, Nadia, Anton, Halina, Vandamme, Thierry F
EditeurAmerican Chemical Society
TypeArticle scientifique dans une revue à comité de lecture
Titre de la revueACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mots-clésbimodal nano-emulsion, In vivo imaging, iodinated oil, Micro-CT, MRI, SPIONs
Résumé en anglais

Noninvasive diagnostic by imaging combined with a contrast agent (CA) is by now the most used technique to get insight into human bodies. X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are widely used technologies providing complementary results. Nowadays, it seems clear that bimodal CAs could be an emerging approach to increase the patient compliance, accessing different imaging modalities with a single CA injection. Owing to versatile designs, targeting properties, and high payload capacity, nanocarriers are considered as a viable solution to reach this goal. In this study, we investigated efficient superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (SPION)-loaded iodinated nano-emulsions (NEs) as dual modal injectable CAs for X-ray imaging and MRI. The strength of this new CA lies not only in its dual modal contrasting properties and biocompatibility, but also in the simplicity of the nanoparticulate assembling: iodinated oily core was synthesized by the triiodo-benzene group grafting on vitamin E (41.7% of iodine) via esterification, and SPIONs were produced by thermal decomposition during 2, 4, and 6 h to generate SPIONs with different morphologies and magnetic properties. SPIONs with most anisotropic shape and characterized by the highest r2/r1 ratio once encapsulated into iodinated NE were used for animal experimentation. The in vivo investigation showed an excellent contrast modification because of the presence of the selected NEs, for both imaging techniques explored, that is, MRI and X-ray imaging. This work provides the description and in vivo application of a simple and efficient nanoparticulate system capable of enhancing contrast for both preclinical imaging modalities, MRI, and computed tomography.

URL de la notice
Titre abrégéACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces