Liver fibrosis diagnosis by blood test and elastography in chronic hepatitis C: agreement or combination?

TitreLiver fibrosis diagnosis by blood test and elastography in chronic hepatitis C: agreement or combination?
Type de publicationArticle de revue
AuteurCalès, Paul , Boursier, Jérôme , Lebigot, Jérôme , de Ledinghen, Victor, Aubé, Christophe , Fouchard-Hubert, Isabelle , Oberti, Frédéric
EditeurWiley
TypeArticle scientifique dans une revue à comité de lecture
Année2017
LangueAnglais
DateAvril 2017
Numéro7
Pagination991-1003
Volume45
Titre de la revueAlimentary pharmacology & therapeutics
ISSN1365-2036
Mots-clésAdult, Aged, Elasticity Imaging Techniques, Female, Hematologic Tests, Hepatitis C, Chronic, Humans, Liver Cirrhosis, Male, Middle Aged
Résumé en anglais

BACKGROUND: In chronic hepatitis C, the European Association for the Study of the Liver and the Asociacion Latinoamericana para el Estudio del Higado recommend performing transient elastography plus a blood test to diagnose significant fibrosis; test concordance confirms the diagnosis.

AIM: To validate this rule and improve it by combining a blood test, FibroMeter (virus second generation, Echosens, Paris, France) and transient elastography (constitutive tests) into a single combined test, as suggested by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

METHODS: A total of 1199 patients were included in an exploratory set (HCV, n = 679) or in two validation sets (HCV ± HIV, HBV, n = 520). Accuracy was mainly evaluated by correct diagnosis rate for severe fibrosis (pathological Metavir F ≥ 3, primary outcome) by classical test scores or a fibrosis classification, reflecting Metavir staging, as a function of test concordance.

RESULTS: Score accuracy: there were no significant differences between the blood test (75.7%), elastography (79.1%) and the combined test (79.4%) (P = 0.066); the score accuracy of each test was significantly (P < 0.001) decreased in discordant vs. concordant tests. Classification accuracy: combined test accuracy (91.7%) was significantly (P < 0.001) increased vs. the blood test (84.1%) and elastography (88.2%); accuracy of each constitutive test was significantly (P < 0.001) decreased in discordant vs. concordant tests but not with combined test: 89.0 vs. 92.7% (P = 0.118). Multivariate analysis for accuracy showed an interaction between concordance and fibrosis level: in the 1% of patients with full classification discordance and severe fibrosis, non-invasive tests were unreliable. The advantage of combined test classification was confirmed in the validation sets.

CONCLUSIONS: The concordance recommendation is validated. A combined test, expressed in classification instead of score, improves this rule and validates the recommendation of a combined test, avoiding 99% of biopsies, and offering precise staging.

URL de la noticehttp://okina.univ-angers.fr/publications/ua18823
DOI10.1111/apt.13954
Lien vers le document

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/apt.13954

Titre abrégéAliment. Pharmacol. Ther.
Identifiant (ID) PubMed28164327