Nanoencapsulated deltamethrin as synergistic agent potentiates insecticide effect of indoxacarb through an unusual neuronal calcium-dependent mechanism

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TitreNanoencapsulated deltamethrin as synergistic agent potentiates insecticide effect of indoxacarb through an unusual neuronal calcium-dependent mechanism
Type de publicationArticle de revue
AuteurPitti-Caballero, Javier , Murillo, Laurence , List, Olivier , Bastiat, Guillaume , Flochlay-Sigognault, Annie, Guerino, Frank, Lefrançois, Corinne , Lautram, Nolwenn , Lapied, Bruno , Apaire-Marchais, Véronique
TypeArticle scientifique dans une revue à comité de lecture
DateJuin 2019
Titre de la revuePesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Mots-clésdeltamethrin, Indoxacarb, Insect neurons, nanoencapsulation, Synergistic agent
Résumé en anglais

The use of neurotoxic chemical insecticides has led to consequences against the environment, insect resistances and side-effects on non-target organisms. In this context, we developed a novel strategy to optimize insecticide efficacy while reducing doses. It is based on nanoencapsulation of a pyrethroid insecticide, deltamethrin, used as synergistic agent, combined with a non-encapsulated oxadiazine (indoxacarb). In this case, the synergistic agent is used to increase insecticide efficacy by activation of calcium-dependant intracellular signaling pathways involved in the regulation of the membrane target of insecticides. In contrast to permethrin (pyrethroid type I), we report that deltamethrin (pyrethroid type II) produces an increase in intracellular calcium concentration in insect neurons through the reverse Na/Ca exchanger. The resulting intracellular calcium rise rendered voltage-gated sodium channels more sensitive to lower concentration of the indoxacarb metabolite DCJW. Based on these findings, in vivo studies were performed on the cockroach Periplaneta americana and mortality rates were measured at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h after treatments. Comparative studies of the toxicity between indoxacarb alone and indoxacarb combined with deltamethrin or nanoencapsulated deltamethrin (LNC-deltamethrin), indicated that LNC-deltamethrin potentiated the effect of indoxacarb. We also demonstrated that nanoencapsulation protected deltamethrin from esterase-induced enzymatic degradation and led to optimize indoxacarb efficacy while reducing doses. Moreover, our results clearly showed the benefit of using LNC-deltamethrin rather than piperonyl butoxide and deltamethrin in combination commonly used in formulation. This innovative strategy offers promise for increasing insecticide efficacy while reducing both doses and side effects on non-target organisms.

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Titre abrégéPesticide Biochemistry and Physiology