Syndrome de détresse respiratoire aiguë secondaire à une infection à Toxocara cati

TitreSyndrome de détresse respiratoire aiguë secondaire à une infection à Toxocara cati
Type de publicationArticle de revue
AuteurTadié, Jean-Marc, Chaudeurge, A., Lerolle, Nicolas , Audibert, J., Novara, Ana, Fagon, Jean-Yves, Guérot, Emmanuel
EditeurElsevier Masson
TypeArticle scientifique dans une revue à comité de lecture
Pagination505 - 508
Titre de la revueRevue des Maladies Respiratoires
Résumé en anglais

Human toxocarosis is a helminthozoonosis due to the migration of toxocara species larvae throughout the human body. Lung manifestations vary and range from asymptomatic infection to severe disease. Dry cough and chest discomfort are the most common respiratory symptoms. Clinical manifestations include a transient form of Loeffler's syndrome or an eosinophilic pneumonia. We report a case of bilateral pneumonia in an 80 year old caucasian man who developed very rapidly an acute respiratory distress syndrome, with a PaO2/FiO2 ratio of 55, requiring mechanical ventilation and adrenergic support. There was an increased eosinophilia in both blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Positive toxocara serology and the clinical picture confirmed the diagnosis of the "visceral larva migrans" syndrome. Intravenous corticosteroid therapy produced a rapid rise in PaO2/FiO2 before the administration of specific treatment. A few cases of acute pneumonia requiring mechanical ventilation due to toxocara have been published but this is, to our knowledge, is the first reported case of ARDS with multi-organ failure.

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