Innovative use of foraminifera in ecotoxicology: A marine chronic bioassay for testing potential toxicity of drilling muds

TitreInnovative use of foraminifera in ecotoxicology: A marine chronic bioassay for testing potential toxicity of drilling muds
Type de publicationArticle de revue
AuteurDenoyelle, Mariéva, Geslin, Emmanuelle , Jorissen, Frans , Cazes, Laurent, Galgani, François
EditeurElsevier
TypeArticle scientifique dans une revue à comité de lecture
Année2012
LangueAnglais
Date2012/01
Numéro1
Pagination17 - 25
Volume12
Titre de la revueEcological Indicators
ISSN1470-160X
Mots-clésBenthic indicators, Drilling muds, Ecotoxicology, Foraminifera
Résumé en anglais

Benthic foraminifera are more and more used as bioindicators of anthropogenic impact in marine environments. In order to increase their potential in bio-monitoring studies, we have developed a chronic bioassay method. We incubated foraminifera for 30 days in natural seawater with different concentrations of cadmium, Fuel Oil no. 2 and two types of drilling muds. Foraminiferal activity in the different experimental setups was evaluated using observations of pseudopodal activity after the 30 days incubation period, and a quantification of newly built chambers. All experiments were conducted in a solution of calcein in natural seawater, so that at the end of the experiment, foraminiferal tests with newly added calcareous chambers could be recognised with an epifluorescence microscope. The first results show that foraminifera have a strong physiological response to a 30-day incubation with high concentrations of all tested pollutants. This response clearly varies in function of the concentrations of the added pollutants. It appears that NABM (non aqueous based mud) has a higher toxicity than WBM (water based mud).

URL de la noticehttp://okina.univ-angers.fr/publications/ua3832
DOI10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.05.011
Lien vers le document

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.05.011