Clinical application of transcutaneous oxygen pressure measurements during exercise

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TitreClinical application of transcutaneous oxygen pressure measurements during exercise
Type de publicationArticle de revue
AuteurAbraham, Pierre
1, 2
, Gu, Yongquan, Guo, Lianrui, Kroeger, Knut, Ouedraogo, Nafi, Wennberg, Paul, Henni, Samir
TypeArticle scientifique dans une revue à comité de lecture
DateSeptembre 2018
Titre de la revueAtherosclerosis
Mots-clésClaudication, Diagnosis, Exercise testing, Ischemia, Peripheral artery disease, Treadmill, Walking
Résumé en anglais

Exertional lower limb pain is a frequent diagnostic issue in elderly patients. Arterial claudication results from the mismatch between the oxygen requirement of, and oxygen delivery to the exercising muscles. Non-invasive vascular investigations (ultrasound imaging, plethysmography or segmental pressure) are used in routine at rest or following exercise, but none can be used during walking or to directly monitor cutaneous oxygen delivery to the limb. Here, we review the methods, tips and traps of the transcutaneous oxygen pressure measurement technique and potential applications.

Transcutaneous oxygen pressure measurement is largely used in vascular medicine for patients with critical limb ischemia. It can also detect regional blood flow impairment at the proximal and distal limb simultaneously and bilaterally during exercise. Exercise-oximetry can also analyze systemic oxygen pressure changes on a reference area on the chest, to screen for occult pulmonary disease. As a surface technique, it does not directly measure muscle oxygen content but provides a reliable estimation of regional blood flow impairment.

With the use of a recently reported index that is independent of the unknown transcutaneous gradient for oxygen, exercise-oximetry provides some accurate information compared to classical non-invasive vascular investigations to argue for a vascular or non-vascular origin of exertional lower limb pain during exercise. Although a time consuming technique, it is a simple test and it is progressively spreading among referral vascular centers as a useful non-invasive diagnostic tool for patients suspected of arterial claudication.

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Titre abrégéAtherosclerosis