Post-exercise ankle blood pressure and ankle to brachial index after heavy load bicycle exercise

TitrePost-exercise ankle blood pressure and ankle to brachial index after heavy load bicycle exercise
Type de publicationArticle de revue
AuteurGodet, Raphael, Bruneau, Antoine, Vielle, Bruno, Vincent, Francois, Le Tourneau, Thierry, Carre, Francois, Hupin, David, Hamel, Jean-François , Abraham, Pierre , Henni, Samir
TypeArticle scientifique dans une revue à comité de lecture
DateOctobre 2018
Titre de la revueScandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
Mots-clésAdult, Aged, Ankle, ankle brachial index, Bicycling, Blood Pressure, Exercise Test, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies
Résumé en anglais

The American Heart Association (AHA) recommendations for diagnosing peripheral artery disease (PAD) after exercise are a decrease >20% of ankle brachial index (ABI) or >30 mm Hg of ankle systolic blood pressure (ASBP) from resting values. We evaluated ABI and ASBP values during incremental maximal exercise in physically active and asymptomatic patients. Patients (n = 726) underwent incremental bicycle tests with pre- and post-exercise recording of all four limbs arterial pressures simultaneously. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to define the correlation between post-exercise ABI with various clinical factors, including age. Thereafter, the population was divided into groups of age: less than 40 (G < 40), from 40 to 44 (G40/44) from 45 to 49 (G45/49), from 50 to 54 (G50/54), from 55 to 59 (G55/59), from 60 to 64 (G60/64), and 65 and above (G ≥ 65) years. Results are mean ± SD. * is two-tailed P < .05 for ANOVA with Dunnett's post-hoc test from G40. Changes from rest in ASBP were -3 ± 22 (G < 40), -2 ± 20 (G40/44), 4 ± 22* (G45/49), 10 ± 25* (G50/54), 18 ± 21* (G55/59), 23 ± 27* (G60/64), and 16 ± 22* (G ≥ 65) mm Hg. Decreases from rest in ABI were 32 ± 9 (G < 40), 33 ± 9 (G40/44), 29 ± 8 (G45/49), 27 ± 10* (G50/54), 24 ± 7* (G55/59), 22 ± 12* (G60/64), and 21 ± 12* (G ≥ 65) % of resting ABI. Maximal incremental exercise results in ABI and ASBP changes are mostly dependent on age. The AHA limits for post-exercise ABI are inadequate following maximal incremental bicycle testing. Future studies detecting PAD in active patients should account for the effect of age.

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Titre abrégéScand J Med Sci Sports
Identifiant (ID) PubMed29858514