Ruling out pulmonary embolism across different subgroups of patients and healthcare settings: protocol for a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis (IPDMA)

TitreRuling out pulmonary embolism across different subgroups of patients and healthcare settings: protocol for a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis (IPDMA)
Type de publicationArticle de revue
AuteurGeersing, G-J, Kraaijpoel, N, Büller, Harry R, van Doorn, S, van Es, N, Le Gal, Grégoire, Huisman, Menno V, Kearon, C, Kline, Jeffrey A, Moons, K GM, Miniati, M, Righini, Marc, Roy, Pierre-Marie , van der Wall, S J, Wells, P S, Klok, Frederikus A
EditeurBioMed Central
TypeArticle scientifique dans une revue à comité de lecture
Titre de la revueDiagnostic and Prognostic Research
Mots-clésClinical prediction model, D-dimer, Individual patient data meta-analysis, pulmonary embolism
Résumé en anglais

Background: Diagnosing pulmonary embolism in suspected patients is notoriously difficult as signs and symptoms are non-specific. Different diagnostic strategies have been developed, usually combining clinical probability assessment with D-dimer testing. However, their predictive performance differs across different healthcare settings, patient subgroups, and clinical presentation, which are currently not accounted for in the available diagnostic approaches.

Methods: This is a protocol for a large diagnostic individual patient data meta-analysis (IPDMA) of currently available diagnostic studies in the field of pulmonary embolism. We searched MEDLINE (search date January 1, 1995, till August 25, 2016) to retrieve all primary diagnostic studies that had evaluated diagnostic strategies for pulmonary embolism. Two authors independently screened titles, abstracts, and subsequently full-text articles for eligibility from 3145 individual studies. A total of 40 studies were deemed eligible for inclusion into our IPDMA set, and principal investigators from these studies were invited to participate in a meeting at the 2017 conference from the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis. All authors agreed on data sharing and participation into this project. The process of data collection of available datasets as well as potential identification of additional new datasets based upon personal contacts and an updated search will be finalized early 2018. The aim is to evaluate diagnostic strategies across three research domains: (i) the optimal diagnostic approach for different healthcare settings, (ii) influence of comorbidity on the predictive performance of each diagnostic strategy, and (iii) optimize and tailor the efficiency and safety of ruling out PE across a broad spectrum of patients with a new, patient-tailored clinical decision model that combines clinical items with quantitative D-dimer testing.

Discussion: This pre-planned individual patient data meta-analysis aims to contribute in resolving remaining diagnostic challenges of time-efficient diagnosis of pulmonary embolism by tailoring available diagnostic strategies for different healthcare settings and comorbidity.

Systematic review registration: Prospero trial registration: ID 89366.

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Autre titreDiagn Progn Res
Identifiant (ID) PubMed31093560