Effect of Pressure Support Ventilation on Carboxyhemoglobin Toxicokinetic after Acute Carbon Monoxide Intoxication: a Swine Model

TitreEffect of Pressure Support Ventilation on Carboxyhemoglobin Toxicokinetic after Acute Carbon Monoxide Intoxication: a Swine Model
Type de publicationArticle de revue
AuteurDelvau, N., Penaloza, Andrea, Liistro, G, Thys, Frédéric, Delattre, I K, Hantson, Philippe, Gianello, P, Roy, Pierre-Marie
TypeArticle scientifique dans une revue à comité de lecture
DateJuin 2018
Titre de la revueJournal of Medical Toxicology
Mots-clésCarbon monoxide, Carboxyhemoglobin (COHb), Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), Oxygen therapy, Positive pressure ventilation, Swine, Toxicokinetic
Résumé en anglais

INTRODUCTION: In an experimental study on carbon monoxide (CO) exposure in swine, we aimed to compare the influence of oxygen therapy using a non-rebreathing mask (NRM) to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and two pressure support ventilation (PSV) devices on the decrease of the terminal elimination half-life of carboxyhemoglobin (COHb t). This was the primary outcome.

METHODS: Eight spontaneously breathing pigs were sedated by propofol and exposed to 940 ppm CO several times (n = 25) to obtain COHb levels of 30%. CPAPb (high flow open system, CPAP Boussignac® [7.5 cmHO]), PSV-Vy (open system, Vylife Boussignac®), and PSV-Leg (closed system, Legendair® [inspiratory/expiratory airway pressure 12/4 cmHO]) devices were used in a randomized order and compared to NRM (O at 15 l min) and atmospheric air (AA). The primary outcome was COHb t. Multiple comparisons were performed using Dunn's tests.

RESULTS: Median FiO and minute ventilation were significantly higher in the PSV-Leg group than the NRM group (p < 0.05). Median COHb t was 251, 85, 82, 93, and 58 min for AA, NRM, CPAPb, PSV-Vy, and PSV-Leg, respectively. All the interventions were superior to AA in terms of CO elimination (p < 0.001), but there was no statistically significant difference between CPAP or PSV and NRM. There was only a trend between PSV-Leg and NRM (p = 0.18). The median AUCs for ln (COHb) × time (h) were 170, 79, 83, 100, and 64 for AA, NRM, CPAPb, PSV-Vy, and PSV-Leg respectively, with a statistically significant difference only between AA and PSV-Leg (p = 0.002).

CONCLUSION: In conclusion, in our study on CO intoxication in swine, the use of the closed PSV-Leg system led to the shortest COHb t. These results suggest that PSV-Leg can be more efficient than NRM in eliminating CO and support the design of a clinical study to assess this hypothesis.

URL de la noticehttp://okina.univ-angers.fr/publications/ua19929
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Titre abrégéJ Med Toxicol
Identifiant (ID) PubMed29468519