Biological response to common surface bearings used in orthopaedics.

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TitreBiological response to common surface bearings used in orthopaedics.
Type de publicationArticle de revue
AuteurMabilleau, Guillaume , Pandit, Hemant, Jinnah, RH, Sabokbar, Afsie
EditeurData Trace Publishing Company
TypeArticle scientifique dans une revue à comité de lecture
Pagination34 - 39
Titre de la revueJournal of surgical orthopaedic advances
Mots-clésinfo:mesh/Ceramics, info:mesh/Chromosome Aberrations, info:mesh/Humans, info:mesh/Joint Prosthesis, info:mesh/Metals, info:mesh/Prosthesis Design
Résumé en anglais

Wear particles are the most important cause of aseptic loosening of orthopaedic devices. To reduce the amount of particles generated from the conventional metal-on-polyethylene system, alternative bearings have been introduced. However, there are some concerns about so-called "adverse reactions" to these bearing surfaces. Despite an apparent longevity, metal particles and metal ions released from the prosthesis can induce a series of adverse reactions. The purpose of this review is to provide the readers an up-to-date overview of the literature on the biological responses to different bearing surfaces with particular reference to metal-on-metal bearings and the local and systemic effect of metal ions.

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